How does the immune system work? Blog post references

How does the immune system work? Blog post references

 

References:

  1. EFSA Panel  on  Dietetic  Products,  Nutrition  and  Allergies  (NDA);  Scientific  Opinion  on  the substantiation  of  health  claims  related  to  vitamin  C  and  protection  of  DNA,  proteins  and  lipids  from  oxidative  damage  (ID 129,  138,  143,  148),  antioxidant  function  of  lutein  (ID  146),  maintenance  of  vision  (ID  141,  142),  collagen  formation  (ID 130, 131, 136, 137, 149), function of the nervous system (ID 133), function of the immune system (ID 134), function of the immune  system  during  and  after  extreme  physical  exercise  (ID  144),  non-haem  iron  absorption  (ID  132,  147),  energy-yielding metabolism (ID 135), and relief in case of irritation in the upper respiratory tract (ID 1714, 1715) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 on request from the European Commission. EFSA Journal 2009; 7(9):1226. [28 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1226
  2. EFSA NDA  Panel  (EFSA  Panel  on  Dietetic  Products,  Nutrition  and  Allergies), 2015. Scientific opinion on  vitamin D and contribution to the normal function of  the immune system: evaluation  of  a  health  claim  pursuant  to  Article 14 of  Regulation  (EC)  No  1924/2006.  EFSA Journal 2015;13(7):4182, 9 pp. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4182
  3. McCusker MM, Grant-Kels JM. Healing fats of the skin: The structural and immunologic roles of the Ω-6 and Ω-3 fatty acids. Clin Dermatol. 2010;28(4):440-451. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.03.020
  4. Turck D, Bresson J, Burlingame B, et al. Vitamin C and protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage: evaluation of a health claim pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA J. 2017;15(1). doi:10.2903/J.EFSA.2017.4685
  5. Top 10 Foods Highest in Vitamin C. Accessed October 19, 2021. https://www.myfooddata.com/articles/vitamin-c-foods.php
  6. Moyad MA, Combs MA, Vrablic AS, Velasquez J, Turner B, Bernal S. Vitamin C metabolites, independent of smoking status, significantly enhance leukocyte, but not plasma ascorbate concentrations. Adv Ther. 2008;25(10):995-1009. doi:10.1007/s12325-008-0106-y
  7. Mitmesser SH, Ye Q, Evans M, Combs M. Determination of plasma and leukocyte vitamin C concentrations in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with Ester-C®. Springerplus. 2016;5(1):1161. doi:10.1186/s40064-016-2605-7
  8. Gruenwald J, Graubaum HJ, Busch R, Bentley C. Safety and tolerance of Ester-C® compared with regular ascorbic acid. Adv Ther. 2006;23(1):171-178. doi:10.1007/BF02850358
  9. EFSA NDA Panel (EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies), 2014. Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to vitamin D and contribution to normal bone and tooth development pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal 2014;12(2):3579, 12 pp. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2014.357910. Erdman JW, MacDonald I, Zeisel SH, International Life Sciences Institute. Present Knowledge in Nutrition. International Life Sciences Institute; 2012.
  10. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA); Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to zinc and function of the immune system (ID 291, 1757), DNA synthesis and cell division (ID 292, 1759), protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage (ID 294, 1758), maintenance of bone (ID 295, 1756), cognitive function (ID 296), fertility and reproduction (ID 297, 300), reproductive development (ID 298), muscle function (ID 299), metabolism of fatty acids (ID 302), maintenance of joints (ID 305), function of the heart and blood vessels (ID 306), prostate function (ID 307), thyroid function (ID 308), acid-base metabolism (ID 360), vitamin A metabolism (ID 361) and maintenance of vision (ID 361) pursuant to Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 on request from European Commission. EFSA Journal 2009; 7(9):1229. [34 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1229
  11. Nieman DC, Wentz LM. The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense system. J Sport Heal Sci. 2019;8(3):201-217. doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2018.09.009
  12. Irwin M. Effects of Sleep and Sleep Loss on Immunity and Cytokines. Accessed March 23, 2020. www.academicpress.com